Is it a Car or a Truck?

An informal history of the advertising language used for the Ford Ranchero

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The noun Ranchero is associated with nineteenth-century Hispanic California history. A Ranchero was a man who owned a big tract of land. In the late 1950s however, the word took on a new meaning: a light pickup built by Ford using automotive components instead of truck components. Ford built this vehicle in various styles from 1957 to 1979. The Chevrolet version starting later was the El Camino, interestingly another Hispanic word. The problem faced by Ford's advertising team was how to market this new class of vehicle.

cover of brochure for 1957 Ford Ranchero

This 1957 brochure describes the Ranchero as “More than a car! More than a truck!” The cover illustration shows a ranch scene with men on horseback gazing admiringly at this wonderful vehicle. This scene harks back to the etymology of the word and the vehicle. The Ranchero was made by cutting the top off the rear of a two-door Ford Ranch Wagon and slipping a bed liner onto the floor pan. The Ranchero is a “Ranch Wagon chopped off.”


ad for 1958 Ranchero, double-duty beauty

A 1958 ad describes the Ranchero as a “double-duty beauty.” Also, it is the “Finest pickup on the American Road” and “Ford Trucks Cost Less.” These are classic advertising slogans. This was the decade of James Dean and Elvis Presley, of Sputnik, Davy Crockett hats, and Rock and roll. In keeping with this spirit, the ad also states, “It broke with tradition! It's blazing a trail!”


The brochure for the first Utility
1934 ute restored

The trail was actually blazed in the early 1930s by Lew Bandt of Ford in Australia, who designed a utility truck with an enclosed cab instead of flimsy canvas cover in response to a letter from a farmer's wife who asked “Why don't you build people like us a vehicle to go to church in on a Sunday, and which can carry our pigs to market on Mondays?” Lew designed a vehicle with the front half of a sedan and the rear half from a light truck. The Coupe Utility (“Ute”) has been produced ever since to this day and has been copied all over the world. (both pictures above courtesy www.fastlane.com.au). Notice the selling points on the cover of the first brochure: comfort and capacity.


ad for 1959 Ranchero, Go Ford-ward for Style

In 1959, the slogan was “NOW…GO FORD-WARD FOR STYLE.” The ad emphasizes that the new Ford Ranchero is “the only truck with true passenger-car comfort and driving ease.” Notice the underlining of the word only, to emphasize the uniqueness of this particular vehicle. It happens that 1959 was the year Chevrolet first offered the El Camino, their version of this class of vehicle.